The extent of personality change: Rank order consistency, mean level change, individual level change, and ipsative stability

Jessie Gordon

Abstract


An individual's traits do not necessarily remain at a fixed strength throughout their lifespan. Consequently, contemporary psychologists debate the extent to which personality changes over time. Focusing on contemporary literature, this essay uses trait consistency to address personality changes and is divided into four comprehensive definitions of personality continuity or change: rank order consistency, mean level change, individual level change, and ipsative stability. Both rank order consistency and mean level change, appeared to consistently increase and develop in relation to the population across the adult lifespan. Both the magnitude of individual level change and ipsative stability exhibited predictable consistency in relation to maturity development rather than age.

Full Text:

PDF